When learning English, constantly adding to one’s vocabulary is very important. One usually starts off by learning antonyms of words- learning that the opposite of hot is cold and the opposite of happy is sad. In order to improve writing and speaking skills, it’s important to learn synonyms, in order to develop one’s vocabulary. As a native English speaker, while in school we were taught to not use the word ‘nice’ as it is overused, choosing words like pleasant, kind or friendly instead.

Synonyms are two words that have the same or similar meanings. Synonyms are often used in writing, in order to reduce repetition of the same word.

Examples of synonyms include:

(Verb) buy and purchase. Eg. He wanted to buy/purchase the bag for her.
(Noun) chair and stool. Eg. He sat on the chair/stool and thought about his family.
(Adverb) speedily and quickly. Eg. Drive speedily/quickly so we can go out.
(Adjective) happy and content. She felt she was as happy/content as she could ever be.
(Preposition) on and upon. He placed his hand on/upon her hand.
The meaning of each sentence does not change regardless of which word is used.

Antonyms are the opposite of words, which have the opposite definition. They are often used in speaking.

Examples of antonyms include:

(Verb) come and go. Eg. He did not want her to come, so she did not go.
(Noun) boy and girl. Eg. They had a baby boy, not a girl.
(Adverb) happily and sadly. She sadly thought about him often, while he happily carried on without a care.
(Adjective) fast and slow. Eg. He had a fast car, but hers was very slow.
(Preposition) in and out. We placed the food in the cupboard but he took it out.

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