An anagram is a type of word play, by arranging the words in a word or phrase to spell out something different, using each letter only once. One is considered to be skilled at anagrams if one can relate the anagram to the original word or phrase. An example of this is Clint Eastwood, the Hollywood star famous for his portrayal of Western cowboys. An anagram of his name is Old West Action.
Other examples of anagrams are:
The eyes- They see
The countryside- No dust here
The Morse code- Here comes dots
Anagrams are not used in every day speech or formal writing, but rather as a form of puzzle or wordplay.
Pseudonyms are related to anagrams, in that they also a rearrangement of letters. However pseudonyms are strictly reserved for names, in order to create a new one for protection or anonymity. Throughout history, pseudonyms have been used to conceal the identity of authors, especially women writers, who were restricted by their gender, and often adopting a man’s name in order to publish their books. This is referred to as pen names or ‘nom de plume’. Popular authors who have done this include the Bronte sisters. Alice in Wonderland’s author Lewis Carroll was a pen name for mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, who wrote under a false name to differentiate between his different genres of work. Another famous example of this is Mark Twain, famous for The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens.
In modern times, popular pseudonyms include Harry Potter’s nemesis in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Tom Marvolo Riddle which rearranges to: I am Lord Voldemort. Other examples include author Daniel Clowes whose main character’s name is Enid Coleslaw, a pseudonym of the author’s name.