I touched on it briefly before, how the New Year, or at least the resolutions we make for the New Year dates back to the Babylonians, around 4000 years ago. But why do we have a New Year in the first place? Where does this come from?
The calendar we use today that includes the 12 months starting with January and ending in December is a relatively new concept. Well, new when you are looking back upon thousands of years. According to many historians and following historical representations of the events, The New Year or “The flipping of the calendar back to the beginning” happened in March if we look back at the Early Roman Calendar (which only had ten months and started with March.)
We cannot have a New Year on January the 1st if we don’t have a January so where did that come from? Well according to Borgna Brunner “The month of January did not exist until around 700 B.C., when the second king of Rome, Numa Pontilius, added the months of January and February.”
The ‘year’ or cycle, as it were, used to follow the planting and harvesting of crops and before that the cycles of the moon. It was not until 46BC when the famous emperor of Rome, Julius Caesar, introduced a new solar-based calendar due to the fact the lunar (meaning moon) calendar had become inaccurate.
The Solar calendar that Julius Caesar introduced was to start on the 1st of January and follow the cycle of Earth around the sun for one full rotation which worked out to be roughly 365 days.
There are other calendars that follow different structures such as the Chinese calendar and the Jewish calendar among many more and they are followed culturally or religiously in many countries, however it is the calendar we spoke of, given the name The Gregorian Calendar, that we follow most commonly around the World.
So we find ourselves in the year 2017 thanks to many wonderful and interesting people and events.